US7364717B2 - Process for converting nickel to nickel ...

A preferred embodiment of the present invention provides a process for making nickel sulfate by converting nickel metal into nickel sulfate, which may be converted to nickel hydroxide. Nickel metal is dissolved in sulfuric acid and oxygen containing gas is introduced to produce a nickel sulfate solution having nickel sulfate and water as illustrated in the following chemical equation.

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NICKEL PLATING HANDBOOK

nickel production outside China. Our mission is to promote and support the use of nickel in appropriate applications. NI grows and supports markets for new and ... electroforming is the process by which nickel is built up by electrodeposition onto a suitable mandrel and subsequently removed to produce a nickel …

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FERRONICKEL PRODUCTION AND OPERATION

and New Guinea. The process is almost same as pig iron production processes. The only difference is that the ore contains more nickel. The blast furnace products contain 2-10% of nickel. A new approach is usage of electric arc furnaces to reduce operational costs [1, 2, 4, 7, 12, 13].

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PTI Nickel Matte GHS - Vale

to humans and that crystalline nickel sulfides are carcinogenic to animals. Epidemiological studies of workers engaged in the oxidation of nickel subsulfide (Ni3S2) by dusty processes indicated the presence of a significant respiratory cancer hazard. The American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH) have classified nickel

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Lithium Battery Manufacturing

Lithium Battery Manufacturing . The processes used for manufacturing Lithium batteries are very similar to those used in the production of Nickel Cadmium cells and Nickel Metal Hydride cells with some key differences associated with the higher reactivity of the chemicals used in the Lithium cells.

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Powder Metallurgy Nickel and Nickel Alloys

Carbonyl Production Plants. This process is used at several refineries across the globe, described here. ValeClydachRefinery.The production begins with a nickel oxide feedstock received from mines in Sudbury, Canada. Powder is produced in the final stage of the process by injecting nickel carbonyl gas at a metered rate into the

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Extraction of Nickel | Nickel Ore Mining | Mining ...

Mar 20, 2019· Extraction of Nickel. This paper introduces the extraction of nickel process and characteristics of laterite nickel ore dressing, highlights the nickel ore crushing, washing in the nickel production process design.. 1 Description of nickel ore. The laterite nickel ore is complex in composition and can be roughly divided into two types: limonite type and silicon magnesium-nickel type.

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Nickel processing - Extraction and refining | Britannica

Extraction and refining. The extraction of nickel from ore follows much the same route as copper, and indeed, in a number of cases, similar processes and equipment are used. The major differences in equipment are the use of higher-temperature refractories and the increased cooling required to accommodate the higher operating temperatures in nickel production.

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PRODUCTION OF NICKEL SULFATE - THE INTERNATIONAL NICKEL ...

A process for the production of nickel sulfate comprising reacting together nickel carbonyl, sulfur dioxide and oxygen at a temperature of about 80° to 150°C to produce reaction products thereof consisting essentially 2. The process as in claim 1 wherein said reaction products are oxidized by aeration in the presence of water to convert the ...

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Production methods

Bioleaching is an energy-efficient way of producing nickel, for example. On the whole, the greenhouse gas emissions of the nickel production process are around 40%, sulphur dioxide emissions 2% and energy consumption 20% lower than average.

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How clean can the nickel industry become?

nickel and low-quality mixed hydroxide precipitates are accordingly ruled out—at least with today's technology. Consequently, at best only 46 percent of the world's nickel production—Class 1 nickel—can be used in batteries (Exhibit 2), and a scarcity of sulfide deposits is contributing to a looming shortage of Class 1 nickel (Exhibit 3).

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Nickel Ore Mining Process,Processing Nickel Ores,Nickel ...

Nickel is convalescing by extractive metallurgy. The majority sulfide ores have conservatively been processed utilize hydrometallurgical techniques to fabricate a matter for more refining. Latest go forward in hydrometallurgy have effect in current nickel dispensation maneuvers being urbanized using these process.

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Nickel in batteries | Nickel Institute

Nickel is making a vital contribution to the lithium-ion (Li-ion) batteries that power much of the electric vehicle revolution. Nickel (Ni) has long been widely used in batteries, most commonly in nickel cadmium (NiCd) and in the longer-lasting nickel metal hydride (NiMH) rechargeable batteries, which came to the fore in the 1980s.

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As Indonesia Looks to Expand Nickel Production, Companies ...

Feb 21, 2020· With the Indonesian government providing support for nickel production, and factories being established to process the chemicals, Indonesia won't just be a source of nickel …

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Nickel: Tsingshan to disrupt the nickel market again ...

Mar 09, 2021· Tsingshan, the world's largest nickel producer, announced last week that it will supply nickel matte based on converted nickel pig iron (NPI) from its operations at Indonesia Morowali Industrial Park (IMIP) to Chinese companies Huayou and CNGR Advanced Materials, which will be further processed to produce battery-grade nickel sulphate. Tsingshan will supply 60kt of nickel …

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Nickel Mining and Processing: Everything you Need to Know

The Nickel Mining Process. Nickel mining occurs through extractive metallurgy, which is a material science that covers various types of ore, the washing process, concentration and separation, chemical processes and the extraction process. One of the most well-known purification processes is called the Mond Process, which is an extracting and ...

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The Caron Process :: Total Materia Article

Nickel laterite ores, which account for approximately 80% of world's nickel reserves, are now becoming increasingly important for the world's nickel supply as nickel demands have grown in the recent decades. In general, nickel can be extracted from its ores using smelting, high pressure acid leaching (HPAL) and Caron roast/leach processes.

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Nickel production Harjavalta | Production process

The department runs several production lines: sulphate, hydroxycarbonate and hydroxide lines. Sulphate lines produce STD (standard) quality and EN (electroless nickel) quality nickel sulphate crystals. Hydroxycarbonate lines produce so-called dry, paste and granule products. The end products of the hydroxy line are STD and HD quality hyroxide.

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EP1794331A1 - Production of ferro-nickel or nickel matte ...

A process for the production of ferro-nickel or nickel matte from a product liquor solution containing at least nickel, cobalt, iron and acid soluble impurities, said process including the steps of: a) contacting the product liquor solution (7) containing the nickel, cobalt, iron and acid soluble impurities with an ion exchange resin (8), wherein the resin selectively absorbs nickel and iron ...

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Nickel: smelting, producing-Metalpedia

Outotec® Nickel Flash Smelting Process is a benchmark nickel-smelting method and a clear global leader in the world's primary nickel production from sulfide raw materials. Efficiency and improved environmental and in-plant hygiene have been the guiding principles in developing the process. Process …

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Environmental Guidelines for Nickel Smelting and Refining

Nickel refining Various processes are used to refine nickel matte. Fluid bed roasting and a chlorine-hydrogen reduction will produce high grade nickel oxides (95%+ nickel). Vapor processes, such as the carbonyl process, can be used to produce high purity nickel pellets. In this process, copper and precious metals remain as a

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A Review of Nickel Pyrometallurgical Operations | SpringerLink

Oct 30, 2012· While the vast majority of the world's nickel is produced using pyrometallurgical techniques, the equipment and processes employed in such production encompass a variety of technologies. Even though certain patterns are followed by many companies, the nature of the raw materials dictates how process parameters will vary from smelter to smelter. In addition, much remains unknown about nickel ...

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Nickel Smelting and Refining - IFC

Nickel Refining Various processes are used to refine nickel matte. Fluid bed roasting and chlorine-hydrogen reduc-tion produce high-grade nickel oxides (more than 95% nickel). Vapor processes such as the carbo-nyl process can be used to produce high-purity nickel pellets. In this process, copper and precious metals remain as a pyrophoric ...

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Nickel processing | Britannica

A new source, New Caledonia in the South Pacific, came into production about 1877 and dominated until the development of the copper-nickel ores of the Copper Cliff–Sudbury, Ontario, region in Canada, which after 1905 became the world's largest source of nickel. By the late 1970s, production in Soviet Russia had exceeded that in Canada.

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Profiling the world's top five nickel-producing companies

Oct 08, 2020· The world's top five nickel-producing companies. 1. Vale – 208,000 metric tonnes. Formerly called Companhia Vale do Rio Doce, Vale is a diversified multinational metals and mining company founded in 1942, and headquartered in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Vale is the world's largest producer of nickel, one of the most versatile metals in existence.

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METHOD FOR PRODUCING HIGH-PURITY NICKEL SULFATE - …

1. A method of producing high-purity nickel sulfate, the method comprising a production process of producing nickel sulfate from a nickel-containing acid solution, wherein the nickel-containing acid solution in the production process is treated in order of the following steps of (1) to (3): (1) a carbonation step, adding a carbonating agent into the nickel-containing solution to make nickel ...

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How Sherritt Refines Nickel

Oct 01, 2010· in an autoclave, much like the process described later for nickel. The nickel rich solution remaining after cobalt separation, is recycled to the copper removal system in the leach plant. Copper Separation. The dissolved copper is removed in this section of the plant. The blended nickel-rich solution is

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